Blind Man And Guide Dog

Blind Man Survive Being Run over By Subway Train

 

 

It wasn’t a miracle on 34th Street, but something very amazing happened about 100 blocks away this morning.

Cecil Williams, who is blind, fell off a platform at the subway station at West 125th Street and St. Nicholas Avenue in Harlem around 10 a.m.

His seeing-eye dog, a 10-year-old black Lab named Orlando, then jumped onto the tracks to join him.

Witnesses told CBS New York that Williams had been walking too close to the subway tracks, and his dog was trying to lead him farther away.

“He was all the way at the edge, backwards, and the dog was trying to pull him in,” Ana Quinones said. “I tried to scream at him to come in, because he was near the tracks, and then he fell.”

Another witness, Ashley Prenza, told Gothamist, “He was just walking toward the yellow line and all of a sudden and we heard him say, ‘Oh no!’ and slip and fall onto the tracks.”

After the seeing-eye dog jumped off the platform, he “just sat there with the man,” Quinones told the New York Post. “He just licked the man’s face trying to get him to move.”

Onlookers immediately sought help for the two. “Someone ran upstairs to find an MTA employee, and others were looking to see if any trains were approaching,” Prenza told Gothamist. “We heard the train coming and everyone started screaming to try and stop the train, but it didn’t slow down.”

Several of the train’s cars ran over Williams and his dog.

“Everyone was screaming, everyone was shaking in horror,” Prenza told the New York Post.

But then a miracle seemed to happen. Someone yelled, “He’s fine, he’s alive!”

“[Williams] stayed down between the tracks with his dog,” Prenza told Gothamist. “His face was injured but he survived.”

First responders were able to rescue the dog first, and then pulled Williams from underneath the train.

“He’s okay, he’s okay,” Capt. John Coates of the NYPD told CBS New York.

Williams was taken to Bellevue Hospital, where he is in serious but stable condition. Coates said the dog is “fine.”

How to travel hassle-free with your dog

How to travel hassle-free with your dog

With dogs increasingly becoming members of the family, it’s not too surprising that they are accompanying their humans on vacations. While packing up your dog for a road trip seems like fun, sometimes destinations are a little too far and they have to board an airplane like other family members.

Because taking to the friendly skies is a new experience for most dogs (not to mention their owners), the following tips can help make the trip a little easier and stress-free for everyone involved.

  1. Share your travel plans with your veterinarian and see if you need to bring your pup in for a checkup, which might be especially helpful for very young or senior dogs. Your vet might have some suggestions for keeping your individual dog comfortable and happy for the journey. Chances are, the airline you selected will require health certificates anyway prior to boarding.
  2. Shop around when it comes to selecting an airline and see which company’s regulations make you feel most comfortable. This is not a place to choose your tickets based on price — go with the company you believe will keep your dog safe. Don’t be afraid to go beyond Internet research and call the airline if you have specific questions.
  3. Once you select an airline, read its requirements for kennels. More than likely there are strict guidelines regarding every aspect of a carrier. Some airlines cater specifically to pets, and provide their own doggie seating systems.
  4. Ask airlines about their restrictions regarding heat and weather. Find out if they have a way to check a plane’s temperature before boarding to ensure your dog’s safety. An unexpected heat wave or unseasonably cold weather along the journey may change your travel plans.
  5. Find out where in the airport your dog will need to check in prior to arrival. If she’s traveling on the plane, she’ll likely stay with you. If she’s traveling as cargo, she may have to board somewhere else.
  6. Arrive a little early to avoid confusion, which can lead to excitement or panic. If your dog sees you upset, you can bet she’ll get upset, too. Also, any unforeseen issues can be resolved without rushing.
  7. Make sure your dog is wearing a sturdy collar and up-to-date identification tags. Include your name and complete contact information. You may also want to consider including the contact information of your destination. It is very important to have a well behaved and controlled dog, you can use an invisible dog fence to keep your dog around you the whole time.
  8. Keep a leash handy so you can take your pup for a walk before boarding and for right after arrival. The more stretching and potty time she can get in, the better — just like us!
  9. Prior to boarding the airplane, keep your dog quiet and mellow. Take her for a walk if possible. No need to get her worked up with running or toys before having to enter a crate for a few hours. She’ll probably be excitable anyway because she’s in a new place and surrounded by strange people.
  10. Bring along a bowl with a top for water or a travel bowl and water bottle to keep your dog hydrated along the journey.

Airline information and specific policies regarding dogs

Every airline is a little different in its policies, but here are some basic pet policies for a few of the major airlines.

  • Delta allows dogs in the plane’s cabin and as checked baggage. Pets traveling to Hawaii are not permitted in the cabin.
    Contact Delta for more specific guidelines.
  • Continental allows dogs to ride in the cabin (flights to Hawaii excepted.) For brachycephalic (snub-nosed) dogs, the airline also has special recommendations, such as a crate that’s one size larger than normally required and a crate with ventilation on all four sides.
  • Virgin Atlantic flies pets all over the world regularly. The airline also automatically enrolls pet passengers in its Flying Paws Club, which entitles them to gifts (it changes each year). If human companions are also members of the Flying Club, they are entitled to mileage every time pets fly, too.
  • American Airlines accepts dogs and they must check in at the counter. Curbside and self-check-ins are not currently permitted. Pets are not accepted in flights longer than 12 hours or to the United Kingdom, nor are they permitted on non-stop flights Maui, the Big Island, or Kauai.
  • United Airlines allows dogs to travel as carry-on or checked baggage. There are also restrictions for brachycephalic (snub-nosed) dogs as checked baggage or cargo during the summer months. Unaccompanied pets travel as cargo.
  • U.S. Airways permits one domestic dog to travel as carry-on per flight. Carry-on pets are not permitted on transatlantic flights or flights to/from Barbados and Hawaii.

Requirements for international travel vary on the country and have more to do with that particular government’s policies than an airline’s rules. For instance, countries belonging to the European Union require a microchip, whose identification number will then be logged onto all paperwork pertaining to the animal. Generally, taking your animal to these countries requires a six-month head start to work out all the procedures.

In the United States, Hawaii has strict quarantine laws.

It’s a lot to remember, but the airlines keep track of government regulations as well as their own policies so they can handle specifics when booking a flight for your dog.

How Does a Blind Person Get a Guide Dog

Best Practices before getting your own guide dog

There are lots of questions raised about guide dogs for the blind, but one of the more common is “How do people go about getting guide dogs for the blind?” If you or someone you know is visually impaired, you recognize the value that guide dogs for the blind provide for their human partner. Guide dogs for the blind are subject to intensive training in order to be efficient and reliable partners with their future handlers, and there is a step-by-step application process provided by the guide dogs for the blind organization which helps people take that first step towards independence through improved mobility.

Filling out an online application, dictating information using cassette tapes, typing or Braille on a paper to be mailed, using email or calling the Admissions department of the guide dogs for the blind program that you are interested in is the first step in the application process.

Next, the applicants need to present medical and other required documentation like an ophthalmologist’s report and the like. It is required by law that applicants pass a current TB or chest X-ray test since the guide dogs for the blind training is a residential training program.

Upon submission of the application form, representatives from the guide dogs organization will keep in touch by phone to conduct interviews and schedule a home visit. This step is to assess the environment as well as the mobility level of the blind recipient. They can also discuss some common travel routes, domestic concerns, social needs and even the type of guide dog preferred by the applicant. Queries and clarifications about the program are best asked and answered during this phase of the process.

After a thorough interview and assessment to see the applicant’s readiness and qualifications for the guide dogs for the blind training program, potential guide dog users will then undergo training with their new dog at the guide dogs for the blind training center. This requires an intensive 4-week training program to establish an effective guide dog and owner partnership.

At the start of the training, a partnership connection is not yet established between the guide dog and the blind owner, so the guide dogs for the blind instructor helps them to bond. He does this by connecting the leash to the dog with the handle held by the blind person.

Within the 4-week training period, guide dog clients are oriented and trained in practical skills which they can use in various environments such as their home, neighborhood workplace and in airports while traveling. As soon as respect and rapport develops in the guide dog team, the guide dog is ready to provide safety and mobility to their blind handlers since they are trained to follow their users as leaders. There is also a series of lectures to further enhance the new owner’s skills and confidence in guide dog handling.

To culminate the guide dogs for the blind training program, the instructor will accompany the client to his or her home and facilitate the transition from the center to the home setting. They will then familiarize themselves with important daily routines of the handler to help them coordinate with their new guide dog.

The blind handler can now enjoy their new-found sense of freedom and independence attained by working in partnership with a loving and well-trained companion for many years to come.

Guide Dogs

Scott Cunningham lost his sight in 1993. He told Gary Fanning of The Hamilton Advertiser, “My life changed in 2003 when I was partnered with my guide dog, Travis. He has given me life changing freedom and independence and so I wanted to give something back.”And give back, Cunningham has. Since teaming up, he and Travis have completed four treks to date, and raised a whopping 60,000 pounds for the Guide Dogs Association. A donation of 10,000 pounds allows for the training of two new guide dogs.

The duo’s next adventure will begin on April 7, 2009. The 100-mile trek is expected to take them seven days, and they will be joined by some very famous walking mates.

As The Hamilton Advertiser reports, “Former Rangers midfielder Terry Hurlock will accompany Scott and Travis throughout the 100-mile hike. Each day they will be joined by a different Rangers legend. TV cameras will be following Scott, Travis and Terry every step of the way. Rangers TV are set to feature the charity walk in a 30-minute documentary.”

Proven mobility aids

  • Navigation Aids

 The white longstock and the blind dog are considered classic navigation aids. The longstock lengthens the range of the arm, allows the determination of materials due to the impact noise or the transmitted vibrations, and thereby supports the echolocalization. Long-haul users go faster and safer than short-haul users. If the longstock is white, this tool is at the same time a globally recognized traffic sign for blindness (for the Federal Republic: Road Traffic Licensing Regulations. Intensively trained blind guide dogs with their holders together guide them past obstacles and can lead familiar paths completely independently.

Their owners report less stress, and they show a lower pulse rate when walking on unknown routes than pure long-haul users. Electronic mobility aids provide blind additional environmental information from a distance. The best scientific investigations have so far been the use of devices that emit ultrasound, receive their reflections, convert them into audible noises, and pass the results to the blinded. The user of these ultrasound aids must learn the device-specific “speech”, i. The allocation of the noises to the spatial situations.  According to the manufacturers, a distinction is made between pure navigation and sensory aids. “Navigation aids” provide information to the blind in an easily understandable form. An example is the Sonic Pathfinder from Heyes . “Sensory Aids” provide their users with as much information as they normally see; This concerns navigation and orientation alike. One example is KASPA by Kay (called Trysensor at the trial stage). It has been shown in many cases that blind people who use ultrasounds in addition to the white longstock reach a higher degree of mobility: users of the Sonic Pathfinder touch fewer obstacles; Adults and children gain navigation and orientation skills with KASPA.

  • Orientation aids

To describe blind ways adequately, falls seeing mostly difficult. By means of palpable (tactile) maps, blind people can already provide a “survey” of unknown areas in the run-up, because spatial conditions are represented here also spatially. However, the total “picture” from the sampled parts of the map must always be put together in the performance. By means of tactile maps, blind people can “comprehend” the spatial relationships in a relatively short time in the truest sense of the word. On the basis of such maps blind people orient themselves better on unknown surfaces than without them; They are quite suitable for blind children.

Streets, citizen blocks, and blocks of houses are presented differently in the original: the map sheet forms the street level; The first level over it (represented by a glued piece of paper) shows the citizen dough, the second level (even more paper) the cattle blocks. This realistic representation is called “positive block representation”. In this figure the three planes are symbolized by hatching; The higher the hatching, the higher the level. In addition to tactile maps, special measures of environmental design blindness can facilitate the orientation. These include, for example, The fortunately increasingly frequent traffic lights with acoustic additional signals, warning and control strips as well as traffic signs with voice information. Traffic signs can be provided with voice information.

A blinder with an infra-red directional device transmits the respective transmitter and receives the stored information therefrom. In doing so, he or she performs circular movements with the direction finding device in order to determine the direction of the signal, that is, the one in which it must go in order to reach the traffic sign. The corresponding technology was developed at the Smith-Cattlewell Institute in San Francisco. With their assistance, blind persons may, for example, The name of the street they are in. Correspondingly equipped bus lines announce their line number, and traffic lights “tell them at green”. Other persons are not bothered by all this information. Blind people are better informed by means of traffic signs with language information than by means of pre-given verbal directions.

Strategic Solutions

Navigation strategies

When walking on paths, blind impressions of smelling, feeling and, above all, of hearing are evaluated. They serve navigation as a basis for orientation. Marked smells attract the attention of blind people. If someone knows that a fish shop is located in the immediate vicinity of the traffic lights, he deliberately looks for the traffic light post as soon as he notices the corresponding smell. Impressions of the feeling provide the blind with further information. Muscle and tendon sensations, for example, reveal that one leaves or enters the citizen dough. Exposed changes in the subsoil (asphalt, sand path, paving stones …) often form landmarks. Heat sensations on the skin, e.g. By solar irradiation, can be used in the direction determination. Pain sensations illustrate the existence of obstacles. Noises are the most important orientation aid. Humans can evaluate three kinds of sound: what emanates sounds is “Urschall”.

If another vibration is caused by the vibration of one object, this is referred to as the “sound”. Sound is reflected by objects. The evaluation of this “reverberation” allows the detection of obstacles and is called “echo-localization” . By means of echolocalisation, under favorable circumstances, obstacles can be found from a distance of more than five meters when reaching at least knee height. Blind people mainly use the changes of the cadence, especially in the frequency range from 800 to 4000 Hz. Rarely, however, they hear the frequency change consciously; Often they feel a feeling of pressure at the site of the skin that would hurt when they collide with the obstacle. The closer they get to the obstacle, the stronger the sensation of echolocalization. Anyone who is well-versed in the acoustical places can determine the direction and distance of obstacles and make statements on the hardness of their material.

The sounds and the place where they originate form the “network” of the room . Direction and distance of the primary sound occurring in road traffic show e.g. Where the road is located, and where the next cross-road branches off. Audio networks make it possible to distinguish between landscapes, such as forests or fields, and the recognition of known roads. The same primary sound causes characteristic churning and rewinding in different environments. The step noise “breaks” in a narrow alley on the walls, “runs” in an empty place “into the void” and “relapses” in a station hall. Listening to noise from the same place in the listening network always forms “dimensional deviations” . They help in direction and distance determination. Examples are music from a restaurant or the working noise of a company. However, the path or environment-typical radio network is subject to random and systematic changes. If there is no music at random, or is not worked on Sundays during operation, the corresponding measure is omitted. The blind person must then find substitute marks for location determination.

  •  Strategies of Orientation

In order to link and pass on the multimodal information, blind driving descriptions are provided in the sense of cognitive running cards. Their descriptions are considerably more detailed than those of the seer. In doing so, they describe decision-making points and risky waypoints particularly thoroughly. Regularities of our developed environment are learned in the form of “environmental schemata” . Blind people frequently resort to suspicious situations in a strange environment. This is illustrated by the example of the first figure. If a blind person at an unknown intersection regularly hears recurring changes of the traffic flow, the assumption of a traffic-controlled intersection is approximate. There are several subordinate schemes. By carefully listening to the traffic flow of the intersecting roads, he must recognize the correct scheme. The schemata help him to classify his perceptions correctly, and to behave cordingly.

 

A blind is near the crossroads of X and Y roads in the quadrant (X +, Y -) on B1. It crosses the X-road to get into the quadrant (X +, Y +). Part (a) shows the simplest case: both roads are two-lane. The blind can cross and reach target Z as soon as the traffic of the right-hand lane of the Y-road flows along the line (X 0, Y-). In part (b), the X road is three-lane, and it has a traffic island. First, the track must be crossed in front of the traffic island – the blind must reach B2. This is possible when the traffic of the X road begins to flow behind the traffic island. On the second part of the crossing is the scheme of part (a).

 

 

Mobility problems

How to deal with mobility problems

The loss of sight only results in the idea of ​​complete helplessness; Blind people learn the use of their remaining senses with appropriate support. As a positive prerequisite for their mobility are a good perception of the other senses, at least an average intelligence, a good spatial imagination and a high risk-tolerance. Negative age-related functional impairments, especially cerebral injuries, which are acquired in addition to the blindness, are evaluated as a result of birth. The time of blindness, on the other hand, plays a minor role. Blindness literally leads to a lack of “foresight” . Those affected are struggling in two areas: navigation and orientation. “Navigation” means the control of space and traffic , “orientation”, the knowledge about the spatial facts and the walkable paths . Blind persons must find the necessary information during the initial ascension of an unknown site. For this purpose they use all available sense channels under high tension. Because of the strong use of the close-ups, they need more landmarks than the see. They must keep in mind the location of each landmark, the way they are perceived, and the way they can get to the next landmark. They store these diverse information in the “cognitive pile” , which is specific to the respective path. From a well-known site, such as the surroundings of their own dwelling-house, they form general concepts which are comparable with the cognitive maps known from the seventh.

Make blind mistakes, they will not find the following landmark. When looking, they look helpless on seeing passersby and so strengthen corresponding prejudices. If necessary, they can – in the case of lack of eye contact – hardly address target groups. But also blind people can rarely adequately support the blind because they do not know those important landmarks; Who respects as a viewer e.g. To the music from a shop that tells the blind that he must turn right? Shame at often proven self-sufficiency and the anxiety or despair experienced, if offered help is not enough, make many blind people the independent way of commuting road traffic so unbearably that they completely avoid this situation. Ironically, therefore, blind people are less often found to be blind. However, the relative freedom from accident is
bought with a high loss of quality of life. Blind people pay this price completely unnecessarily, because there are many old-established and newly developed aids that allow them to safely walk on the roads.But there are many t
hings that can help a blind man put a smile in his face, thing s like traveling. We have gathered some nice information about traveling with your dog here.

Introduction

Patients, relatives and authorities expect the ophthalmologist to provide expert advice on necessary measures to restore or improve the mobility of blind people. This article is intended to provide an overview of possible alternatives.