The loss of sight only results in the idea of complete helplessness; Blind people learn the use of their remaining senses with appropriate support. As a positive prerequisite for their mobility are a good perception of the other senses, at least an average intelligence, a good spatial imagination and a high risk-tolerance. Negative age-related functional impairments, especially cerebral injuries, which are acquired in addition to the blindness, are evaluated as a result of birth. The time of blindness, on the other hand, plays a minor role. Blindness literally leads to a lack of “foresight” . Those affected are struggling in two areas: navigation and orientation. “Navigation” means the control of space and traffic , “orientation”, the knowledge about the spatial facts and the walkable paths . Blind persons must find the necessary information during the initial ascension of an unknown site. For this purpose they use all available sense channels under high tension. Because of the strong use of the close-ups, they need more landmarks than the see. They must keep in mind the location of each landmark, the way they are perceived, and the way they can get to the next landmark. They store these diverse information in the “cognitive pile” , which is specific to the respective path. From a well-known site, such as the surroundings of their own dwelling-house, they form general concepts which are comparable with the cognitive maps known from the seventh.
Make blind mistakes, they will not find the following landmark. When looking, they look helpless on seeing passersby and so strengthen corresponding prejudices. If necessary, they can – in the case of lack of eye contact – hardly address target groups. But also blind people can rarely adequately support the blind because they do not know those important landmarks; Who respects as a viewer e.g. To the music from a shop that tells the blind that he must turn right? Shame at often proven self-sufficiency and the anxiety or despair experienced, if offered help is not enough, make many blind people the independent way of commuting road traffic so unbearably that they completely avoid this situation. Ironically, therefore, blind people are less often found to be blind. However, the relative freedom from accident is
bought with a high loss of quality of life. Blind people pay this price completely unnecessarily, because there are many old-established and newly developed aids that allow them to safely walk on the roads.But there are many things that can help a blind man put a smile in his face, thing s like traveling. We have gathered some nice information about traveling with your dog here.